Soybeans are leguminous plants which reach a height of one meter. There are different kind with red, black or red beans .For over two thousand years it with rice has constituted the dietary base of the peoples of East and South-East Asia, where the use of meat, milk and eggs is very rare .Thanks to the soybeans ,these oriental peoples have kept themselves free from nutritional shortages.
Soybeans are the stars of vegetable foods, Its Composition includes:
- Copper and iron are to minerals found in abundance in soybeans, and both of these are essential for the formation of red blood cells. With an appropriate amount of red blood cells in the body, extremities of the body and essential organ systems can get the blood flow and oxygen that they need to function efficiently. This maximized metabolic activity and increases energy levels, while also avoiding dangerous conditions like anemia.
This dreaded disease has been on the rise in the global population for more than a decade. Soybeans are an effective method of prevention and management of this disease, primarily because soybeans have shown an ability to increase insulin receptors in the body, thereby helping to manage the disease effectively or prevent it from occurring in the first place. Early studies focusing on this specific relationship of soy products to a decrease in Type 2 diabetes are still in the early stages, but the early results are very promising, primarily in Asian populations.
Relieve Sleep Disorders
Soybeans help to regulate a number of aspects of the metabolism, which should be able to help in reducing sleep disorders and the occurrence of insomnia. However, soybeans also have a high content of magnesium, which is a mineral that is directly linked to increasing the quality, duration, and restfulness of your sleep.
Boost Digestive Health
One of the most common elements to be lacking in a person’s diet is fiber. Fiber is an essential part of a healthy body, particularly in terms of the digestive system. Fiber actually bulks up your stool, making it move through your digestive system smoothly. Furthermore, fiber stimulates peristaltic motion, which is the contraction of the smooth muscles that pushes food through your system. Fiber is vital to our bodies because constipation can be a very serious condition that can lead to more serious conditions, including colorectal cancer.
Improve Bone Health
There is a very high vitamin and mineral content in soybeans, and the impressive levels of calcium, magnesium, copper, selenium, and zinc are very important for a variety of processes in the body. Perhaps most important is their role in bone health. All of these elements are essential for promoting osteotrophic activity, which allows for new bones to grow and also speeds up the healing process of bones. Eating soybeans can be a long-term solution for problems like osteoporosis, which commonly occurs as we age.
Prevent Birth Defects
The vitamin B complex levels in soybeans is impressive as well, and the high levels of folic acid are very important for pregnant women. Folic acid ensures the prevention of neural tube defects in infants, which ensures a happy and healthy baby.
Relieve Menopausal Symptoms
Soybeans are a very good source of isoflavones, which are essential components of the female reproductive system. During menopause, estrogen levels drop significantly. Isoflavones are able to bind to estrogen receptor cells, so the body doesn’t feel as though it is going through such a dramatic decrease. This can ease many of the symptoms of menopause, such as mood swings, hot flashes, and hunger pains. Menopause can be a traumatic time of life for many women, but soybeans are a great way to ease that major life transition
- A very important percentage of high biological quality of proteins (up to 40% of the dry weight of the bean)
- A relatively important amount of fats (up to 20%), formed principally of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Among these is found the linoleic acid, —— an essential fatty acid which fulfills important functions in the body.
- Lecithin (around 2%), an important phospholipid for the function of the nervous system, which also contributes to the lowering of the blood cholesterol level, as well as many other functions.
Soybean proteins can be compared to those of meat with regards to their nutritional value, to the point that they may even substitute meat. Even nursing babies who need a supply of essential amino Acids, may be raised satisfactory with soybean milk enriched with Vitamin B12 and Calcium in case they are allergic to cow milk.
The soybean is a food of great Nutritive value, which should not be eaten excessively .It need not be eaten daily ,an error into which some fall when they shift to a vegetarian diet and are afraid they will not get enough proteins.
PRODUCTS DERIVED FROM THE SOYBEAN
The tender sprouts of soybeans.
Can be used raw in salads and desserts. They are very rich in Vitamins, enzymes ,chlorophyll,as well as proteins with the advantage that when eaten raw,the maximum of all its nutritive properties are available.
Composed of ground soybeans.It can be found in stores ,with or without the soybean fat.
In pastries,pasta and desserts.When added to wheat flour ,it enhances its nutritional value.It allows one to replace eggs in pastries,with the advantage of not having Cholesterol.
Is made of soybeans which are ground,cooked and filtered.In stores it is also known as soy drink
Can replace cow milk with the advantage of not containing animal fat or cholesterol.It is rich in essential fatty acids,specially linoleic. Its content of Iron ,Vitamin B1 (thiamin)and niacin is higher than that of cow milk.On the other hand ,soymilk contains less calcium than cow milk .In the market ,there are some soymilks enriched with this mineral and Vitamins A and D
High quality table oil with a natural flavor.It has up to 61% polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Flavors salads,pastries and cooking in general
It is soy cheese.It is prepared by adding a coagulant to soybean milk.(for example:lemon), and applying pressure for several days until it acquires a semi-solid state
It is used in the place of white cheese .It has a neutral taste,which makes it very useful in many cooked foods.It must be seasoned with salt .
Fermented soybeans ,water and marine salt.The fermentation process requires 6 to 12 months.
It is used moderately as a condiment